Thus, the construction of the block was carried out not only with the involvement of the "special contingent," but also with the involvement of Komsomol members from NII-88.
From 1950 to 1953, the design, manufacture, and testing of the R-5 rocket with a range of 1200 km were carried out. On April 10, 1954, by the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, the first domestic strategic missile R-5M, based on the R-5 rocket, was being developed, which was intended to deliver a nuclear charge to a distance of 1200 km.
The first successful launch was made on January 21, 1955, and on February 2, 1954, the R-5M rocket was launched with a real nuclear charge. This marked the beginning of the creation of the country’s missile-nuclear shield.